December 11th- http://www.readwritethink.org/files/resources/lesson_images/lesson117/character_clash_instructions.pdf
Reader's Guide to Understanding Plot Development
Write Traits Checklist for Editing and Revising
ELEMENTS OF A SHORT STORY
The plot of a novel is its story line, the events which happen. These events may be told in either chronological order or through flashback. Chronological order means that events are written in the order in which they happen, from first to last. Flashback means that
the novel begins in the present and then 'flashes back' to some point in the past.
Characters are the people, or sometimes animals, that populate a story. The way in which a writer creates and brings these characters to life is called characterization.
Along with giving characters a physical appearance and a basic personality, a writer will use the following devices to create well-rounded characters:
1. What the characters say and how they say it
2. What the characters do
3. What other characters in the story say about them
A story has both a time setting and a place setting. The time setting is generally past, present, or future, and the writer may either tell you the time setting or just give you hints. The same is true of place setting. There may be more than one setting (time and/or place) in any novel.
One of the most basic parts of any story is conflict. Without conflict there is
nothing to write about.
There are three basic types of conflict:
1. person vs. person: this is any human to human conflict, involving two or more people
2. person vs. nature: this is when one or more people are fighting against the forces of nature, which may come in the form of storms, extreme heat or cold, animals, and so on
3. person vs. himself (herself): this is a conflict which takes place inside a character and may involve making a decision or overcoming a problem
Other types of conflict are possible, though perhaps not as common: person vs. technology, person vs. the supernatural, etc
Theme means the issues that the writer is dealing with in the novel. It is not the
same thing as plot. For example, the novel Huckleberry Finn tells the story of a
boy's voyage down a river, but it also brings up themes of prejudice, cruelty, and
Point of View
All stories have a point of view which is the role of the writer in the story.
There are basically two different points of view:
1. first person: Here the narrator becomes a character in his own story. He may be a major character or someone quite minor. If a writer uses first person point of view,
this means that we will know everything that character knows or thinks but we may not know everything that is going on.
2. third person: Here the narrator is completely outside the action of the novel. He is like a person observing activity in an ant's nest. He can see everything that goes on (including into people's minds), but none of the characters are aware of him at all.
Taken from http://writingprompts.tumblr.com/